Pope John XXIII
- Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli was elected pontiff on Oct. 20, 1958.
- He was the third of 13 children and was born on Nov. 25, 1881, in Sotto il Monte (Bergamo), Italy.
- He entered the seminary at age 12 and he studied at the Apollinaris in Rome.
- He served in the Italian Army, but completed his seminary studies, obtaining a doctorate in theology before being ordained in 1904.
- He was recalled to the Army to serve as a chaplain during World War I in 1915 for three years.
- In 1921, he reorganized the Society for the Propagation of the Faith.
- He served in Bulgaria, Turkey, Greece and France.
- He was made a cardinal in 1953.
- Pope John XXIII died on June 3, 1963.
Pope John Paul II
- Karol Jozef Wotyla was elected the 263rd successor to Peter Oct. 16, 1978.
- He was the youngest of three children, born on May 18, 1920, in Wadowice, Poland.
- He studied drama at Krakow's Jagiellonian University in 1938, but was forced to work in a quarry from 1940 to 1944 because the Nazi occupation closed the university in 1939.
- In 1942, he began courses in the clandestine seminary of Krakow. He continued studies in the major seminary of the city after World War II.
- He was ordained to the priesthood on Nov. 1, 1946.
- Appointed Archbishop of Krakow on Jan. 13, 1964; and cardinal on June 26, 1967.
- Participated in the Second Vatican Council.
- Made 104 pastoral visits outside Italy and 146 within Italy. As Bishop of Rome, he visited 317 of the 333 parishes in the city.
- Initiated World Youth Day.
- Pope John Paul II died on April 2, 2005.